Alsace will thus regain a governing authority of its own, after the old Alsace region disappeared in 2016, when it was absorbed by the new macro-region of Grand-Est.
Regaining an Alsatian public body had become the main demand of the Alsatian movement. The proposed model can be understood as an intermediate solution. Pro-autonomy Unser Land party believes that the European Collectivity of Alsace is an insufficient achievement because it will keep Alsace within the Grand-Est region, as the establishment of the new authority does not mean that Alsace becomes a region of its own. But meanwhile, the Socialists of the Bas-Rhin argue that this is only the first step towards a subsequent self-governing authority that will largely act without the constraints of Grand-Est.
This week’s vote marks the beginning of a legislative process to create the new Alsatian collectivity, and relates to an agreement reached in October 2018 by the French government and Alsatian political representatives.