Nation profile


General information
1,859,869 inhabitants (2012)
8.280 km²
Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin departments
Major cities
Strasbourg, Hagenau, Wissembourg, Milhüsa/Mülhausen (Mulhouse), Kolmar (Colmar)
State administration
French Republic
Territorial languages
German (Alsatian, Francian), French (Welche)
Official languages
Major religion
Catholic Cristianity, Protestant Christianity

The history of Alsace is linked to its location on the border between two major areas of European power: the Germanic area, represented by the Holy Roman Empire first and the German Empire after, and the French area. Straddling these two worlds, Alsace has had, at various stages of its history, its own, limited self-government. Thus, together with the Moselle region, Alsace enjoyed some degree of autonomy in Germany from 1911 to 1918, and afterwards, Alsace alone had its own Assembly within the French Republic from 1982 to 2015.

Since 2016, after the French National Assembly passed  a territorial reform in 2014, Alsace has found itself integrated into the larger administrative region of the Great East, together with the historical regions of Lorraine and Champagne. This, despite opposition from Alsace itself.

The Alsatian political movement now wants political institutions to be given back to Alsace, outside the Grand Est region. It also demands some degree of legislative and executive autonomy.