Nation profile

Occitània
Occitania

General information
Population
16.300.000 inhabitants aprox. (2016)
Area
190.000 km2
Institutions
Regions of New Aquitaine, Occitania, Rhône-Alpes-Auvergne and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (French Republic), government and National Council (Parliament) of the Principality of Monaco, and General Council of Aran (Catalonia, Kingdom of Spain)
Major cities
Marselha (Marseilles), Tolosa (Toulouse), Montpelhièr (Montpellier), Pau, Niça (Nice) and Lemòtges (Limoges)
State administration
French Republic, Italian Republic, Kingdom of Spain and Principality of Monaco
Territorial languages
Occitan, Ligurian
Official languages
French (France, Monaco), Italian (Italy), Occitan, Catalan, Spanish (Catalonia, Spain)
Major religion
Christianity (mainly Catholicism, also some Protestantism)

Presentation

Occitania is a Western European country whose borders are defined by the historic area of the Occitan language. It encompasses the south of present-day France, plus Aran (a semi-autonomous county in Catalonia), the Principality of Monaco and the Occitan Valleys in the westernmost area of the Italian region of Piedmont.

Neither in the past nor in present times has Occitania had a common government or State for all of its territories. Aran and Monaco are two small territories having their own institutions, dating back to the Middle Ages. Most of Occitania is organized under four decentralized regions in France.

“Occitània” the country vs “Occitània” the administrative region

The term “Occitania” is commonly used to designate the whole country. However, since 2015 an administrative region of the French Republic exists by the name of “Occitania” too, which often uses the suffix “Pyrenees-Mediterranean”. The region stretches over some 35% of the territory of the whole Occitan country —mainly its central and southern areas—, also encompassing Northern Catalonia.

Language

The own and historical language of Occitania is Occitan. It enjoys official status in Catalonia's Aran Valley only, where the local Aranese dialect is used as the language of education and government. In France, it enjoys some degree of recognition and support from the Occitan regional councils as well as the Agglomeration Community of the Basque Country, which recognizes Occitan as the own language of Baish Ador. The administrative regions of Nouvelle Aquitaine and Occitania established in 2015 the Public Office of the Occitan Language with the stated aim to foster its use. In Piedmont, since 1999 an Italian law has been recognizing some rights to its speakers, albeit without granting it official status.

Occitan is a minority language throughout Occitania. French has become the majority language in the Occitan territories of the French Republic, as has Spanish in Aran and Italian in the Occitan Valleys in Piedmont. The most recent estimation (Fabrice Bernissan, 2012) puts Occitan speakers in the French Republic at 110,000; INED estimated in 1999 the number of speakers to be 526,000. In Aran, 5,000 speakers can be found (Catalan government data, 2013).

Outside the borders of Occitania, the language struggles to survive in the municipality of La Gàrdia (Guardia Piemontese), in the Italian region of Calabria, where it has been spoken since the 12th century.

ARAN
Area: 633,60 Km2
Population: 9.926 inhabitants (2015)
Capital: Vielha e Mijaran
Territorial language: Occitan (locally known as Aranese)
Official language: Occitan, Catalan and Spanish
Political system: Semi-autonomous county within Catalonia
President, party (year): Carles barrera, CDA (since 2011)
Distribution of seats in General Council (2015 election). 13 members:
Convergència Democràtica Aranesa (CDA, Aranese Democratic Convergence) – 7
Unitat d'Aran-Progrés Municipal-PSC (UA-PSC, Unity of Aran-Municipal Progress) – 5
Partit Renovador Arties-Garòs (PRAG, Arties-Garòs Renewal Party) – 1
Electoral system: Proportional
Government: CDA (since 2011)

Links

Political institutions
Conselh Generau d'Aran (General Council of Aranwww.conselharan.org
Conseil National de Monaco (National Council of Monaco) www.conseil-national.mc
Region New Aquitaine nouvelle-aquitaine.fr
Region Occitania laregion.fr
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur maregionsud.fr
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes auvergnerhonealpes.eu

Political parties
Partit de la Nació Occitana (PNO, Occitan Nation Partyp-n-o.org
Partit Occitan (PO, Occitan Party) partitoccitan.org
Unitat d'Aran (UA, Unity of Aranwww.unitatdaran.org
Converència Democràtica Aranesa-PNA (CDA-PNA, Aranese Democratic Convergenceconvergencia-aranesa.org
Corròp corrop.wordpress.com

Civic movements
País Nòstre (Our Country) paisnostre.midiblogs.com
Iniciativa per Occitània (Iniciative for Occitania) iniciativaoc.blogspot.com
Libertat! facebook.com/libertatoc
Bastir! bastir-occitanie.fr
Organizacion Democratica del Pòple Occitan (ODPO, Democratic Organization of the Occitan Peopleodpoc.wordpress.com

Language and culture
Institut d'Estudis Occitans (Institute for Occitan Studies) ieo-oc.org 
Congrès Permanent de la Lenga Occitana (Permanent Congress of the Occitan Language) locongres.org
ÒPLO ofici-occitan.eu
Institut Occitan d'Aquitània (Occitan Institute of Aquitainein-oc.org
CIRDOC locirdoc.fr
Centre Occitan de Recèrca, Documentacion e d'Animacion Ethnograficas (Occitan Centre for Research, Documentation and Etnographic Activitieswww.talvera.org
Calandreta Confederation calandreta.org
Chambra d'Òc, Occitan Valleys association in the Italian state chambradoc.it 
ÒC-BI ocbiinterregional.free.fr
Ostal d’Occitània ostaldoccitania.net
Trobasons trobasons.viasona.cat

Media
Jornalet jornalet.com
Ràdio Occitània radio-occitania.com
Ràdio País radiopais.fr
Ràdio Lengadòc Montpelhièr www.radiolengadoc.com 
Ràdio Lengadòc Narbona www.lengadoc.eu
Ràdio Albigés radioalbiges.com
Sapiéncia sapiencia.eu

(Updated March 2019)