Nation profile


General information
3,063,456 inhabitants (2011, census)
20,779 km²
National Assembly for Wales
Major cities
Cardiff, Swansea, Newport, Wrexham, Aberystwyth
Administració estatal
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Territorial languages
Welsh, English
Official languages
Welsh, English
Major religion
Christianity, mainly Anglican (Church in Wales), with Catholic and Presbyterian minorities
National day
1 March


Capital: Cardiff
Primer minister: Carwyn Jones, Welsh Labour Party (since 2009)
Political system: One of the four "home nations" of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Distribution of seats in Parliament (2016 election). 60 members:
Welsh Labour Party - 29
Plaid Cymru - 12
Welsh Conservative Party - 11
United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) - 7
Welsh Liberal Democrats - 1
Electoral system: Plurality voting system (first-past-the-post) in 40 electoral districts and proportional representation in the other 20.
Government: Welsh Labour Party and Welsh Liberal Democrats.
Degree of self-government
In 1999 Wales approved a referendum on the creation of their National Assembly. In 2006 and again in 2011 its law-making powers were enhanced.


National Assembly for Wales
Website of the Welsh Labour Party
Website of the Welsh Conservatives
Website of Plaid Cymru
Language and Culture
Comisiynydd y Gymraeg (Welsh Language Commissioner)
Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg (The Welsh Language Society)
S4C, television in Welsh
Golwg 360, Welsh language news website
South Wales Echo, Welsh newspaper in English
South Wales Evening Post, Welsh newspaper in English