On Palestinian territory
In this information, the internationally recognized territory of the State of Palestine, as declared in 1988 by the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), is taken as a reference. That territory is made up of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip.
Nevertheless, most Palestinian organizations regard the entire territory of the former British mandate of Palestine as the legitimate Palestinian national territory, that is the whole of the territories of the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and Israel (26,990 km2 in total).
The Palestinian territories of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip are under Israeli occupation since 1967. The proclamation of the State of Palestine in 1988 did not bring with it its effective establishment on the ground.
Following the Oslo Accords between Israel and the PLO, in 1994 the Palestinian National Authority was established. This was intended to be an interim body of Palestinian self-government, its final status to be determined in further negotiations. The Palestinian Authority currently administers part of the territory of the West Bank (the so-called Areas A and B, some 40% of the West Bank land) and the whole of the Gaza Strip. It has executive, legislative and judicial powers, but it is not an independent state.
Since 2006, control over the Palestinian Authority territories has been de facto divided in two parts. West Bank Areas A and B remain under the secular nationalist Fatah-dominated Palestinian Authority; whereas the Gaza Strip is independently ruled by islamist party Hamas.