Nation profile


General information
555,347 inhabitants (2004 census)
4,163 km²
Government and Supreme Council (Parliament)
Major cities
Tiraspol, Bender, Rîbnita
State administration
De iure belongs to Moldova, de facto independent
Territorial languages
Russian, Romanian, Ukrainian
Official languages
Russian, Moldovan (official name for Romanian) and Ukrainian
Major religion
Christianity (Orthodox)
National day
2 September, Independence Day

Transnistria proclaimed its independence from Moldova (which had declared itself to be sovereign, but not independent from the USSR) on 2 September 1990. A war broke out between Russian and Transnistrian trooops, on the one hand, and Moldovan troops, on the other, in November 1990. A ceasefire agreement, which holds to this day, was reached in July 1992.

The Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (its official name) has not been recognized by any UN member state, but has the support of the Russian Federation, which maintains troops there. Moldova officially regards Transnistria to be a semi-autonomous Moldovan region.

A referendum was held in 2006 on the future of Transnistria. According to official results, 98% of voters voted for joining Russia. This measure has not been made effective.

The final status of Transnistria is still pending. Since the 1990s, not a single international initiative or format for dialogue has managed to deliver a peace agreement.