Nation profile


General information
1,640,717 inhabitants (2018, Istat)
24.090 km²
Regional Government and Regional Council of Sardinia
Major cities
Cagliari, Sassari, Oristano, Alghero
State administration
Territorial languages
Sardinian, Catalan, Gallurese, Sassarese, Tabarchino Ligurian
Official languages
Major religion
Christianity (Catolicism)
National day
28 April


The island of Sardinia is one of the five so-called special autonomous territories within Italy, just as Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sicily, Trentino-Alto Adige/South Tyrol and Aosta Valley. As these autonomies, Sardinia has one executive and one legislative body, called Regional Committee (Giunta Regionaleand Regional Council (Consiglio Regionale), which have powers on several issues.


The island’s own language is Sardinian (sardu in Sardinian), one of the Romance languages with more conservative features compared to Latin. The language has received strong influence from Catalan and Spanish, due to the Catalan occupation of the island —subsequently Spanish— for many centuries. Sardinian is spoken almost throughout the island, except in Alghero (where a dialect of Catalan, Alguerese, is spoken), in the lesser islands of San Pietro and part of Sant’Antioco (where Tabarca Ligurian dialect is used) and in the island’s north, where two differenti linguistic variaties can be found: Sassarese (Tuscan base with Sardinian influence) and Gallurese (Corsican base, also with Sardinian influence).

According to 2015 data (Istat), 32% of the Sardinian population usually speaks one of the island’s own languages within their families.

National identity

Unlike the rest of autonomous territories in Italy, the Statute ruling the island recognizes the existence of the Sardinian people.

A survey released by the University of Cagliari (2012) showed that 65% of those surveyed described themselves as “more Sardinian than Italian” or “Sardinian only”. Some Sardinian political parties advocate the existence of a Sardinian nation.

Politics and administration

President of the Region: Christian Solinas (Sardinian Action Party), since 2019
Political system: Autonomous region with special statute within the unitary Italian State
Distribution of seats in the Regional Council (2019 election). 60 members:

-Christian Solinas list (includes parties from the centre to the radical right) - 36
  • League (Lega) - 8
  • Sardinian Action Party (Partito Sardo d'Azione) - 6
  • Forza Italia - 6
  • Sardinian Reformers (Riformatori Sardi) - 3
  • Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia) - 3
  • Sardegna20venti - 3
  • Pro Sardinia - Centre Union (Unione di Centro) - 3
  • Civic Sardinia (Sardegna Civica) - 1
  • Fortza Paris - 1
  • Sardinian Democratic Union (Unione Democratica Sarda) - 1
  • Christian Solinas (personal seat) - 1
-Massimo Zedda list (includes parties from the centre to the left) - 18
  • Democratic Party (Partito Democratico) - 8
  • Free and Equal (Liberi e Uguali) - 2
  • Progressive Camp Sardinia (Campo Progressista Sardegna) - 2
  • We, Sardinia with Massimo Zedda (Noi, la Sardegna con Massimo Zedda) - 2
  • Common Future with Massimo Zedda (Futuro Comune con Massimo Zedda) - 2
  • Sardinia in Common (Sardegna in Comune) - 1
  • Massimo Zedda (personal seat) - 1
-5 Star Movement (Movimento 5 Stelle) - 6
Government: Christian Solinas List

Regione Autonoma della Sardegna
Consiglio Regionale della Sardegna
Language and culture
Limba Sarda 2.0
Ditzionàriu in Línia
Sardegna Cultura
La Nuova Sardegna
L'Unione Sarda
Sardegna Oggi
Catalan TV
Tempus Nostru

More about Sardinia