It is remarkable that, out of four languages mentioned in the bill, three -French, German and Slovenian- are official state languages in all the countries bordering Italy to the north -France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia.
Yet, other languages spoken in Italy not being the official language of another state -Friulian, Sardinian, Catalan or Occitan- are not mentioned at all in the law.
In Friuli, Udine province president Pietro Fontanini has blamed the Italian government for not doing enough to respect the linguistic rights of Friulian speakers. Fontanini has asked all Friulian MPs to support an amendment to the law that includes provisions for the language. But prospects are dire: Friulian MP Gianna Malisani already introduced such a proposal, and it was rejected by Italian lawmakers.
If no change is accepted, Fontanini says he will bring the issue to the European level and also to the Constitutional Court under the grounds that the bill is a violation of article 6 of the Italian Constitution and of treaties signed by Italy.
Criticism from Sardinian groups, MPs
Regarding the bill's omission of Sardinian, associations such as the Institute Camillo Bellieni and the Coordination of Sardinian Language and Culture Operators have voiced similar allegations, as has been the case for MP Luciano Uras (Left Ecology Freedom), which in July sought to amend the bill to introduce a reference to Sardinian. His attempt was unsuccessful. Uras then said that Sardinians just "want to be equals among equals. This has to do with each one's conscience and sensitivity towards a community that is too often discriminated against."
Uras was joined in criticism by another MP, Roberto Cotti (5 Stars Movement), who said he could not understand why Sardinian, "perhaps Italy's most widely spoken language other than Italian, was being excluded" from the bill.