HRW admits there is little official information available, but the report quotes a series of interviews conducted in September 2019 with parents in northern Tibet, according to whom a new Chinese-medium instruction system was introduced in their children’s schools in March 2019. The report also quotes an education official of the TAR who said the government is expected to order the introduction of Chinese-medium education in all primary schools.
The document also explains that Tibetan authorities are increasingly appointing Chinese teachers in Tibet who do not speak Tibetan, the language thus becoming increasingly marginalized.
According to the report, several fragmentary studies suggest that discriminatory policies against Tibetan, in place since the 1960s, are leading to a loss of knowledge and skills in this language by younger generations of Tibetans, especially in urban areas.
The TAR occupies approximately half of the historical territory of this stateless Asian nation. Despite its name, the authorities of the Autonomous Region enjoy virtually no self-government vis-à-vis the central state or the Communist Party.