Both media claim to have “verified the authenticity of the documents” but not the identity of the person who sent them anonymously, who says has done so to “let the world know what Iran is doing in my country Iraq.”
The documents show that, during the period of maximum expansion of the Islamic State (2014 and 2015), Iran gave military support to the Kurdistan Autonomous Region of Iraq to fight against the Sunni fundamentalist organization. In return, Iran received contracts in the oil sector.
The cables, The New York Times goes on, also reveal that Nechirvan Brazani, then the Kurdish Prime Minister, met in 2014 top American and British officials and Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Al-Abadi and “then went almost immediately to meet with an Iranian official to tell him everything.”
These manoeuvres were aimed at supporting Teheran’s final goal, according to the documents revealed: to keep Iraq united while it became a client state of Iran, to what the Iranians worked to “infiltrate every aspect of Iraq’s political, economic and religious life,” the newspaper writes.
The Interceptadds that Iranian support for the Kurdish autonomous government progressively diminished in favour of backing to the central Iraqi government and several Shiite Arab militias. In 2017, after the independence referendum organised by the Kurdish authorities, Iran supported the Iraqi military campaign that allowed Baghdad to prevent secession and retake territories previously held by Kurdish forces.