Nation profile

Basque Country
Euskal Herria

General information
Population
2.900.000 inhabitants (est)
Area
20.500 km² (est)
Institutions
Parliaments and governments of Euskadi and Navarre; Agglomeration Community of the Basque Country (Iparralde)
Major cities
Iruñea, Bilbo, Donosti, Gaseiz, Baiona
Administració estatal
Kingdom of Spain (Euskadi, Navarre and Castille and León (Treviño enclave)) and French Republic (Northern Basque Country or Iparralde)
Territorial languages
Basque, Spanish, Occitan
Official languages
Basque (Euskadi, Navarre), Spanish (Euskadi, Navarre, Treviño), French (Northern Basque Country)
Major religion
Christianity (Catholicism)
National day
Aberri Eguna (Easter)

Politics

HEGOALDE OR SOUTHERN BASQUE COUNTRY (WITHIN THE KINGDOM OF SPAIN)
Territory: NAVARRE
Population: 644.566 inhabitants (2011)
Area: 10.391 km²
Capital: Iruñea/Pamplona
Territorial language: Basque in the north, Spanish in the south
Official language: Basque and Spanish
President: Uxue Barkos, Geroa Bai (since 2015)
Political system: Autonomous Community within the Kingdom of Spain
Distribution of seats in Parliament (2015 election). 50 members:
  • Navarrese People Union (UPN, pro-autonomy, centre-right15
  • Geroa Bai (sovereignist, centre-left) 9
  • EH Bildu (pro-independence, left) 8
  • Podemos (federalist, left) 7
  • Socialist Party of Navarre (PSN, pro-autonomy, centre-left) 7
  • Popular Party (PP, pro-autonomy and centralist, centre-right and right) 2
  • Izquierda-Ezkerra (I-E, federalist, left) 2
Electoral system: proportional 
Government: coalition of Geroa Bai, EH Bildu and I-E
Degree of autonomy
The Navarrese Autonomous Community is one of the most selfgoverned administrative entities within the Spanish state thanks to its “foral system”, that is, its own juridic and administrative organization (including its own fiscal system) which, differently from the rest of nations in the state, did not lose after joining the Kingdom of Spain.

Territory: EUSKADI
Area: 7.234 km²
Population: 2.124.846 inhabitants
Capital: Gasteiz/Vitoria
Territorial language: Basque and Spanish
Official language: Basque and Spanish
President: Iñigo Urkullu, PNV (since 2012)
Political system: Autonomous Community within the Kingdom of Spain
Distribution of seats in Parliament (2016 election). 75 members:
  • Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV, pro-autonomy and sovereignist, centre-right28
  • Bildu (pro-independence, left) 18
  • Elkarrekin Podemos (federalist, confederalist, left) 11
  • Socialist Party of Euskadi (PSE-PSOE, pro-autonomy, centre-left) 9
  • Popular Party (PP, pro-autonomy and centralist, centre-right and right) 9
Electoral system: Proportional
Government: PNV
Degree of autonomy
Together with Catalonia and Galicia, Euskadi was among the first territories to get its own Statute of Autonomy in the system of Autonomus Communities (1979). It has devolved powers in several areas and its own tax system.

IPARRALDE OR NORTHERN BASQUE COUNTRY (WITHIN THE FRENCH REPUBLIC)

Area: 2.956 km² 
Population: 264.000 inhabitants (1999)
Important cities: Biarritz, Baiona/Bayonne
Territorial language: Basque and Occitan 
Official language: French
Political system: Agglomeration Community of the Basque Country (intercommunality body bringing together most of the Basque municipalities in Iparralde and a few Occitan municipalities). Together with the former province of Bearn, it makes up the French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, which belongs to the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Links

Politics
Government of Euskadi www.euskadi.eus
Government of Navarra www.navarra.es
Agglomeration Community of the Basque Country www.communaute-paysbasque.fr
Language and Culture
Royal Academy of the Basque Language www.euskaltzaindia.eus
Kontseilua kontseilua.eus

(Last updated May 2017)