Nation profile

Occitània
Occitania

General information
Population
16.300.000 inhabitants aprox. (2016)
Area
190.000 km2
Institutions
Regions of New Aquitaine, Occitania, Rhône-Alpes-Auvergne and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (French Republic), government and National Council (Parliament) of the Principality of Monaco, and General Council of Aran (Catalonia, Kingdom of Spain)
Major cities
Marselha (Marseilles), Tolosa (Toulouse), Montpelhièr (Montpellier), Pau, Niça (Nice) and Lemòtges (Limoges)
Administració estatal
French Republic, Italian Republic, Kingdom of Spain and Principality of Monaco
Territorial languages
Occitan, Ligurian
Official languages
French (France, Monaco), Italian (Italy), Occitan, Catalan, Spanish (Catalonia, Spain)
Major religion
Christianity (mainly Catholicism, also some Protestantism)

Introduction

Occitania is a country defined by the historic area of the Occitan language. It encompasses the south of present-day France, plus Aran (a semi-autonomous county in Catalonia), the Principality of Monaco and the Occitan Valleys in the westernmost area of the Italian region of Piedmont.

Neither in the past nor in present times has Occitania had a common government or State for all of its territories. Aran and Monaco are two small territories having their own institutions, dating back to the Middle Ages. The rest of Occitania (more than 99% of its territory) is organized under four decentralized regions of France.

ARAN
Area: 633,60 Km2
Population: 9.926 inhabitants (2015)
Capital: Vielha e Mijaran
Territorial language: Occitan (locally known as Aranese)
Official language: Occitan, Catalan and Spanish
Political system: Semi-autonomous county within Catalonia
President, party (year): Carles barrera, CDA (since 2011)
Distribution of seats in General Council (2015 election). 13 members:
Convergència Democràtica Aranesa (CDA, Aranese Democratic Convergence) – 7
Unitat d'Aran-Progrés Municipal-PSC (UA-PSC, Unity of Aran-Municipal Progress) – 5
Partit Renovador Arties-Garòs (PRAG, Arties-Garòs Renewal Party) – 1
Electoral system: Proportional
Government: CDA (since 2011)

Links

Political institutions
Conselh Generau d'Aran (General Council of Aranwww.conselharan.org
Conseil National de Monaco (National Council of Monaco) www.conseil-national.mc
Region New Aquitaine laregion-alpc.fr
Region Occitania www.regionlrmp.fr
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur www.regionpaca.fr
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes auvergnerhonealpes.eu

Political parties
Partit de la Nació Occitana (PNO, Occitan Nation Partywww.p-n-o.org
Partit Occitan (PO, Occitan Party) partitoccitan.org
Unitat d'Aran (UA, Unity of Aranwww.unitatdaran.org
Converència Democràtica Aranesa (CDA, Aranese Democratic Convergencewww.convergenciaran.org
Corròp corrop.wordpress.com

Civic movements
País Nòstre (Our Country) paisnostre.midiblogs.com
Iniciativa per Occitània (Iniciative for Occitania) iniciativaoc.blogspot.com
Libertat! www.libertat.org

Language and culture
Institut d'Estudis Occitans (Occitan Studies Institute) ieo-oc.org 
Centre Occitan de Recèrca, Documentacion e d'Animacion Ethnograficas (Occitan Centre for Research, Documentation and Etnographic Activitieswww.talvera.org
Calandreta Confederation calandreta.org
Chambra d'Òc, Occitan Valleys association in the Italian state www.chambradoc.it 
ÒC-BI ocbiinterregional.free.fr
Information on Occitania www.occitania.org

Media
Ràdio Occitània www.radio-occitania.com
Ràdio País www.radio-pais.com
Ràdio Lengadòc Montpelhièr www.radiolengadoc.com 
Ràdio Lengadòc Narbona www.lengadoc.eu
La Setmana www.vistedit.com

(Updated November 2016)