Nation profile

Kurdistan
Kurdistan

General information
Population
between 30 and 40 million inhabitants
Area
350,000 to 500,000 km²
Institutions
Kurdish Autonomous Region (Iraq, legally recognized); autonomous cantons of Afrin, Kobanê and Cizîre within the Federation of Rojava-North Syria (Syria, self-proclaimed)
Major cities
Mûsil (Mosul), Hewlêr (Arbil) and Kerkûk (Kirkuk), Amed (Diyarbakir), Bedlîs (Bitlis), Kirmaşan (Kermanshah), Sine (Sanandaj) Mehabad (Mahabad) and Qamişlo (Al Qamishli)
State administration
Iraq, Turkey, Iran and Syria
Territorial languages
Kurdish
Official languages
Turkish (Turkey), Kurdish and Arabic (Iraq), Persian (Iran), Arabic (Syria), Kurdish, Arabic and Syriac (Cizîre canton)
Major religion
Islam, with some Christian and Yezidi minorities
National day
21st March (Norouz Day)