Primer minister: Carwyn Jones, Welsh Labour Party (since 2009)
Political system: One of the four "home nations" of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Distribution of seats in Parliament (2016 election). 60 members:
Welsh Labour Party - 29
Plaid Cymru - 12
Welsh Conservative Party - 11
United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) - 7
Welsh Liberal Democrats - 1
Electoral system: Plurality voting system (first-past-the-post) in 40 electoral districts and proportional representation in the other 20.
Government: Welsh Labour Party and Welsh Liberal Democrats.
Degree of self-government
In 1999 Wales approved a referendum on the creation of their National Assembly. In 2006 and again in 2011 its law-making powers were enhanced.
National Assembly for Wales www.assembly.wales
Website of the Welsh Labour Party www.welshlabour.org.uk
Website of the Welsh Conservatives www.welshconservatives.com
Website of Plaid Cymru www.plaid.cymru
Language and Culture
Comisiynydd y Gymraeg (Welsh Language Commissioner) www.comisiynyddygymraeg.cymru
Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg (The Welsh Language Society) www.cymdeithas.cymru
S4C, television in Welsh www.s4c.co.uk
Golwg 360, Welsh language news website golwg360.cymru
South Wales Echo, Welsh newspaper in English walesonline.co.uk
South Wales Evening Post, Welsh newspaper in English www.southwales-eveningpost.co.uk