Authorities in Naypyidaw, in apparent transition towards a civil government, kick-start a process aimed at reaching peace with rebel groups from minorities · Peace talks have taken place and, in some cases, the government has signed agreements with representatives of the Karen, Kachin, Mon and Shan groups · How non-Burmese groups fit in the state will be the topic of a 'great national conference' soon, the government promises.
Secretary-general of UN talks about “encouraging progress” in order to turn the island into a binational federation · Turkey threatens to boycott the Cyprus presidency of the EU if the is no agreement before July · Negotiations are held in the framework of increasingly changing relations between Greece, Cyprus, Israel and Turkey in Eastern Mediterranean
The international body's executive committee accepts the country's bid to join the organization · A final vote is set for the end of October, where Palestine needs the support of 2/3 of current members · US vows to cut all funds to UNESCO if Palestine becomes member
The Body of Basque Political Prisoners joins the Gernika Agreement, a major pact among Basque political and social organisations which asked ETA to lay down arms and the recognition of political rights of the Basque people · Most parties -except for the Spanish right- welcome the announcement.
Results of local elections expose gap between Sri Lanka and Tamil Eelam despite government efforts to win over the Tamil population in the north and east of the island • Tamil parties conquer 17 out of 20 seats in areas formerly held by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
South Sudan is the world youngest country after its declaration of independence on 9 July. This marks the culmination of a political process started in 2005, when the Comprehensive Peace Agreement ending 22 years of war was signed. Those agreements resulted in a timetable by which South Sudan would have a referendum on its independence. The vote was held last January, and the outcome was a resounding ‘yes’ which prevailed with nearly 99% of the ballots.